Version 22 (modified by ismael, 11 years ago)


Table of Contents

  1. Welcome to the FlexNets Initiative
  2. Project Status
  3. News
    1. Previous Releases
  4. Error: Page P-HAL-OE does not exist
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    Error: Page ModRCommHW does not exist
    Error: Page FlexACQ0 does not exist
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  5. FlexWaves Project
    1. ALOEWaveforms
    2. ALOE Signal Processing Components
      1. Modem
      2. ChannelAnalyzer
      3. UTRAN
      4. UTRANTDEC
      5. WiMAX
      6. WiMAXLDPC
  6. FlexCRM Project
    1. Computing Resource Management: Motivation
    2. Organization
  7. Error: Page RealTimeManagement does not exist
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FlexCRM Project

Computing Resource Management: Motivation

SDR presents a hard real-time computing challenge. The first generation of SDR mobile terminals will be very limited in computing resources (processing powers, interprocessor bandwidths, memory, power, etc.) and will, most probably, not be capable of supporting more than one RAT implementation at a time. The flexibility of these terminals is then a function of the capability of their reconfiguration managers, which need to track the states of the computing resources. On the contrary, the computing resources of SDR network elements are less limited. Nevertheless, an optimized (minimized) usage of computing resources could be highly desirable to reduce their operational costs, among others.

An SDR processing chain, SDR application or waveform, is the part of an SDR transceiver that is implemented in software. It can be understood as a set of concurrent processes that continuously process and propagate real-time data. Such a processing chain is not specifically tailored but rather executable on any general-purpose platform with sufficient computing capacity. We therefore consider general-purpose computing methods practical for SDR systems because of the similarities between future’s SDR applications and platforms and today’s general-purpose computing applications and platforms. We particularly believe that the introduction of appropriate mapping and scheduling techniques, which are indispensable for the dynamic switch between RATs, will leverage the design of SDR platforms and applications. Mapping describes the process of assigning software modules to hardware resources, whereas scheduling determines their execution times. We consider them to be two complementary computing resource management methods. Wireless or SDR systems, however, reveal specific aspects, essentially regarding flexibility and efficiency, that have not been jointly considered so far in heterogeneous computing:

  1. Time slot based division of the transmission medium (radio time slot);
  2. Continuous data transmission and reception;
  3. RAT-specific quality of service (QoS) targets;
  4. Real-time computing requirements and limited computing resources;
  5. Different constraints and computing loads for different RATs and radio conditions;
  6. Dynamic reconfiguration of the protocol stack, either partial or total;
  7. Heterogeneous multiprocessor execution platforms.


Our computing resoure management proposal consist of several modules. These are illustrated in the figure below and are described in the corresponding links. The basis for the resource management is the time management?. The SDR computing system modeling tracks the SDR platforms' available computing resource and the SDR applications' computing requirements (computing resource modeling?). These models are used by a general-purpose algorithm and a specific cost function, which manages (keeps track of and updates) the available computing resources as a function of the given computing requirements (computing resource management?).

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